Pier Francesco Cittadini (Milano, 1616 – Bologna, 1680)
Portrait of a noblewoman from Parma
Dimensions 177×130 cm.
The study of Cittadini’s painting begins in the Lombard environment in the workshop of Daniele Crespi and from about 1634 to 1637 he is documented in Bologna, as an apprentice of Guido Reni; from 1645 he made a trip to Rome until he returned permanently to Bologna in 1650.
His production is wide and varied: in Emilia he dedicates himself to oil and fresco decorations for interiors, as well as to sacred subjects; in Rome he approaches the most lively contemporary culture testified by the presence in the city of Nordic, French and Neapolitan artists. He approaches the Bamboccianti and Roman landscape painters, who demonstrate to him the importance of depicting a more vivid reality, naturalistically understood.
This work is attributable to the period of his maturity: in the detail of the clothes and the space depicted we see the effects of the Flemish lesson, as well as in the psychological depth of the character there is an echo of the rich Roman experience. The portrait of a noblewoman from Parma can therefore be traced back to the artist’s return to Bologna, after 1650, where he will remain until his death.
Bibl.: A. Ghidiglia Quintavalle e E. Riccomini, Arte in Emilia, Parma, 1960.
Our reference: A03646