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    Still life pair Jean Baptist Bosschaert

    December 10, 2020

Still life pair Jean Baptist Bosschaert

40.000,00

Artist: Jean Baptist Bosschaert

Oil on canvas 92×78 cm

Item: A05313

Period: 1667 – 1746

Provenance: Flemish area

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Italian presentation

 

Description

English

Jan Baptist Bosschaert

 

or Jan Baptist Bosschaert the Younger[1] (baptized on 17 December 1667 in Antwerp − 1746 in Antwerp) was a Flemish still life painter who is principally known for his decorative still lifes with flowers. He collaborated with figure artists on compositions which combined allegorical or mythological scenes with a still life element.[2] He was active in Antwerp.[3]

Jan Baptist Bosschaert was born in Antwerp as the son of the painter-baker Jan Baptist and his second wife Joanna de Bie, the sister of the painter Erasmus de Bie. His father died young leaving Jan Baptist in a poor home and without education. He was reportedly still illiterate at the age of 17.

As the young Jan Baptist showed talent for art his brothers who were his guardians placed him in the care of the flower painter Jan Baptist de Crépu. He studied with de Crépu starting from the year 1685. He lived also in de Crépu’s house. Another pupil of de Crépu who studied at the same time as Bosschaert was the flower painter Simon Hardimé.[4] Jan Baptist de Crépu fled his creditors in 1688 and died in Brussels the next year.[5]

Bosschaert became in the Guild year 1692–1693 a master of the Guild of Saint Luke of Antwerp.[4] Bosschaert was active in Antwerp as a flower painter and received many commissions from the local bourgeoisie. Nothing is known about his personal life.

He died in Antwerp in 1746.[4]

Bosschaert was a specialist still life painter mainly of large flower still lifes. Not many signed works by his hand are known and many may still be located in private collections without proper attribution.[2]

Together with those of his near contemporary Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen the Younger, his works represent a development towards a more decorative style in late 17th century Flemish still life painting. The two artists placed the flower bouquets in large stone vases or arranged them in the form of garlands around these vases or garden ornaments.[6] In these works garlands of sumptuous flowers are entwined around sculpted urns.[7] The vases were often placed in outdoor settings with figures. This style was followed by Simon Hardimé, Pieter Hardimé and Pieter Casteels III.[6] His large vertical paintings with their tripartite division followed Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen the Younger’s compositions.[8]

In its use of broad, impasto brush strokes, the style of his work reflects developments initiated by Italian artists Mario Nuzzi and Michele Pace del Campidoglio. The work of the French painter Jean-Baptiste Monnoyer was also an influence.[9]

Bosschaert collaborated with various specialist painters including the figure painter Jacob Leyssens[10] The Antwerp painter Peeter-Frans Bailliu painted the vases, figures and grisailles in some of his compositions.[3][11] The collaborative works involved typically a female figure representing an allegorical or mythological figure or putti with a large flower piece. This likely went back on 16th century motifs of the goddess Flora in her garden.[12]

Jan Baptist Bosschaert

 

Italian

Jan Baptist Bosschaert o Jan Baptist Bosschaert the Younger  (battezzato il 17 dicembre 1667 ad Anversa – 1746 ad Anversa) era un pittore fiammingo di nature morte noto principalmente per le sue nature morte decorative con fiori. Ha collaborato con artisti di figura su composizioni che combinavano scene allegoriche o mitologiche con un elemento di natura morta.  Era attivo ad Anversa.

Jan Baptist Bosschaert è nato ad Anversa come figlio del pittore-fornaio Jan Baptist e della sua seconda moglie Joanna de Bie, la sorella del pittore Erasmus de Bie . Suo padre morì giovane lasciando Jan Baptist in una casa povera e senza istruzione. Secondo quanto riferito, era ancora analfabeta all’età di 17 anni.

Quando il giovane Jan Baptist mostrò talento per l’arte, i suoi fratelli che erano i suoi tutori lo affidarono alle cure del pittore di fiori Jan Baptist de Crépu . Studiò con de Crépu a partire dall’anno 1685. Visse anche nella casa di de Crépu. Un altro allievo di de Crépu che studiò contemporaneamente a Bosschaert fu il pittore di fiori Simon Hardimé .  Jan Baptist de Crépu fuggì dai suoi creditori nel 1688 e morì a Bruxelles l’anno successivo.

Bosschaert divenne nell’anno della Corporazione 1692–1693 un maestro della Corporazione di San Luca di Anversa.  Bosschaert era attivo ad Anversa come pittore di fiori e ricevette molte commissioni dalla borghesia locale. Non si sa nulla della sua vita personale.

Morì ad Anversa nel 1746.

Bosschaert era un pittore specializzato in nature morte principalmente di grandi nature morte floreali. Non si conoscono molte opere firmate di sua mano e molte potrebbero ancora trovarsi in collezioni private senza un’adeguata attribuzione.

Insieme a quelle del suo quasi contemporaneo Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen il Giovane , le sue opere rappresentano uno sviluppo verso uno stile più decorativo nella pittura di nature morte fiamminga della fine del XVII secolo. I due artisti hanno collocato i mazzi di fiori in grandi vasi di pietra o li hanno disposti sotto forma di ghirlande attorno a questi vasi o ornamenti da giardino.  In queste opere ghirlande di fiori sontuosi sono intrecciate attorno a urne scolpite.  I vasi erano spesso collocati in ambienti esterni con figure. Questo stile è stato seguito da Simon Hardimé, Pieter Hardimé e Pieter Casteels III .  I suoi grandi dipinti verticali con la loro divisione tripartita seguirono le composizioni di Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen il Giovane.

Nel suo uso di pennellate ampie e impasto , lo stile del suo lavoro riflette gli sviluppi avviati dagli artisti italiani Mario Nuzzi e Michele Pace del Campidoglio . Anche il lavoro del pittore francese Jean-Baptiste Monnoyer fu un’influenza.

Fonte: Wikipedia

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